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smallyacht practical advice - Fitting Out and Laying up - goodworking knowledge-article

engine technique- "do it yourself" technique - auto engine converted to marineuse

Boatshopping simple guide- important considerations

Point of View- IsBigger Boat Better?

Fisherman type- Fishermananchors, characteristics & advice for selection

theOld style pole mooring - spar/devil's claw arrangement

Detection and methods - How to Curingleaking keel bolts

When your anchor is dragging

- Drag Queen Anchor Alarm

As you can see the title "Anchor Alarm" says it all. Along with an alarm delay Drag Anchor Alarm provides distance and GPS accuracy parameters.Use this boat app to be notified.

Theanchoring scenario is clear: you put into some strangeharbor, dog tired after a long dayon the water, and set the hook. To ensurethe anchor is set properly Boatersdo everything, but howcan they be sure?

The Drag Oueen Anchor Alarm could be theanswer. A GPS-based app, it constantly monitors your boat posi-tion, and if the boat moves outside of a user set area, a loudalarm sounds to warn you, quite annoying in fact that your anchor is dragging.

Problems with dragging - compatible with your device.

The only downside of the Drag Queen Anchor Alarm is the app doesn't work in the background.The boating device has to be awake, which means your batteries take ahit, so you really have to have it plugged into the boat's power supplyovernight. (iPad, Android and iPhone) Its Free; itunes, more at Google Play

iOS | Android

Anchoring Problems & Rules

Boat Articles, Guides,Commentary and archival articles & helpful sailing - information

 Anchor & Anchoring


Problems and General Rules

Problems with Snatching - sea bottom

Problems with Snatching in shallow water

and steep waves, any boat can snatch badly at her anchor rode.

In such circumstances, it's easier on the gear to use a nylonrode to absorb the snatching loads. Even with an all-chain anchorrode, a 20 foot spring of three-strand nylon made fast with a rollinghitch to the chain mounted near the bow is probably more effectivethan is a traveler weight in preventing destructive snubbing.

Problems with Scope

In Fact:The more horizontal the rode on the sea bottom where itattaches to the anchor, the better. This effect of It often happensthat crowded anchorages limit your swinging room and, therefore,your scope. But if you are forced to lie to a shortened rode, hereis how it will affect your holding power. Presuming that a scopeof 10 to 1 offers 100% anchor's holding power, then, approximately:7 to 1 - 90 % HP, 6 to 1 - 85% to 2 to 1 - 25/35 % HP

In Fact Proper scope under good weather conditions, the minimumscope of an anchor rode should be 5:1 ratio.

Scope is measured as the ratio between the depth of the water andthe length of the anchor rode/chain veered out. The depth of thewater in this calculation also includes the extra length betweenthe bow chock and water level. These amounts of scope allow a nylonrode with at least 8 feet of chain attached to the anchor to exerta low-angle of pull against the anchor. Note: Most anchors tendto break out if the angle of pull is more than 7-10 degrees fromthe horizontal line.

Problems with Corals

When boat anchored in sea areas where coral heads are prevalent,a chain rode frequently wraps around one or more heads(colony ofpolyps), dangerously shortening the scope.

anchor Problems with Corals

photo: adelia-sails.com

The general rule is to buoy(usually, 2-3 buoys are needed) thechain so that the main part of the rode cannot foul coral. Someexperienced cruisers prefer to anchor in depths of between 90 to120 feet when possible, because colony of coral polyps live in muchdeeper water. But this requires more anchor line than many smallboats can comfortably carry.

Anchor Chain Problems

High-tensile anchor's chains - Although it has a huge breakingload, it can fail without warning and not recommended for anchorrodes.

In fact: galvanized st-steel anchor chain with short oval linksis usually specified for pleasure-boats and yachts use because itgives visible signs and defects of stretching before breaking. Recommendations:the chain must have a breaking strength to withstand at least fivetimes the normal horizontal load.

The difference in having your anchor set properly

Buy an anchor chain. They usually come with a screw pin shackle and alot of times are PVC coated. This will do two things.

1. it will weigh your anchor shank down so if there is any wind or seas your anchor will stay set and you won't move.2. It will keep your line from chaffing on anything on the bottom like rocks, coral, etc.

Having several feet of chain between your anchor and the rope makes all the difference in having your anchor set properly. There are several online resources to determine how much your boat will need.

In my case, for my 240 Overnighter, 15' was needed to keep the wind and currents of the Gulf near Tampa Bay from pulling my anchor out. Previously, I only had 5'.

screw pin shackle on each end

See on photo above how the chain in this picture has a screw pin shackle on each end with a swivel. It may seem like alot at $6 a foot but realistically you should only need about 5 or 6 feet of chain unless you are anchoring in really deep water. This will make your anchor line last alot longer

Anchor the stern

Never anchor the stern UNLESS you anchored your Bow correctly first. When you anchor the stern the wind and/or current will turn your boat so that any waves come straight at your stern while your anchor digs in and pulls your boat lower and allowing even more water to spill in to your boat.

Problem when you anchor

How to determine how much line you have let out through the windlass

Just measure it out and spray paint it. If you have 20 ft of chain. Then the first mark is at 30 ft on the rode every 50 ft thereafter. Over the winter we are going to mark it in 25 ft increments. One red paint line at 25, two at 50, three at 75 and different color at a hundred. Then start again.

There are also marked pull through nylon flags/tags (approx 1/2 to 3/4 " wide and 5" long) that pull through braid with increments of 10' from 200' down to 100' and every 5' below.

You can mark chain every spring with iridescent day glow paint with mark on links starting at 40' (min 3-1 in 10' with deck to water figured in) and increasing by one mark every10' of 100'.