small yacht practical advice - Fitting Out and Laying up - good working knowledge-article
engine technique - "do it yourself" technique - auto engine converted to marine use
Boat shopping simple guide - important considerations
Point of View - Is Bigger Boat Better?
Problems - Anchoring Problems, Facts and Rules
the Old style pole mooring - spar/devil's claw arrangement
Fisherman type anchors
Boat Articles, Guides, Commentary and archival articles & helpful sailing - information
Fisherman type anchors
Herreshoff, Luke-type , and others anchors
Better than most on grassy and rocky bottoms, but needs to be much heavier than most other anchors and can be fouled and dislodged by its own rode. This ensures that the anchor will have sufficient weight to penetrate most "difficult" sea bottoms such as those of hard sand or those covered with grass and weed. Some modern lightweight type anchors, while certainly possessing adequate holding power when properly dug in, may not be able to penetrate such bottoms. These are the general characteristics of the Fisherman types:
Small fluke designed - Small fluke area drags easily through soft bottoms. Awkward to handle, but can be dismantled for stowage.
Anchor, Fisherman, Ideal Proportions of The fisherman-type anchor is not widely carried on modern pleasure yachts and powerboats because it's awkward to stow and handle, and because it's easily fouled by its own rode. Newer designs of anchor such as the CQR., the Bruce, the Danforth, the Delta, and others have largely eliminated these faults, but the fisherman still has its uses, especially where the bottom is rocky, hard , or covered with grass.
Not all fisherman anchors are created equal, however. Read below this advice for selection:
The shank and arms should be oval or flat in section. They should make an angle of about 30 to 40 degrees with the shank. The anchor flukes should be long and sharp to bite into hard bottom.
The measurement from the crown to the hole for the stock should be nor more than 1 2/3 times, not less than 1/2 times, the stock should be the same length as the shank. and the length of the chord - the chord being the distance between the tips of the two flukes.
Note: Anchor, Size of Owners of cruising yachts should beware
of generalized suggestions from anchor manufacturers about the size
of anchors they need.
80 % or more of many types of anchors are sold to inland fishermen for use with small open boats on lakes. Understandably, manufacturers' recommendations are tailored to this boat market, not the market constituting the 1-2 % of their customers with offshore voyaging boats.
Some of new types anchors, such as the Rocna and Manson, have large roll bars to keep the anchor right-way up on the bottom, and their manufacturers claim advantages over conventional designs. But until these anchors have demonstrated their effectiveness over a long time, such claims are much difficult to prove. No one anchor design has ever been the best for all bottom conditions.